Experiential therapy holds that people will make positive changes and grow toward living their full potential when they have nurturing relationships in an atmosphere of acceptance. It is based on the assumption that family problems are due to emotional oppression. In an oppressive environment family members learn to respond to one another’s defense behaviors.
The Satir method focuses on the impact of life experiences upon the perspective of each individual. The iceberg is used as a metaphor for the meaning, beliefs, perspectives, feelings, expectations and yearnings that often lie out of a person’s conscious awareness. Virginia Satir identified four dishonest ways of communicating: blaming, placating, being irrelevant and being super-reasonable. Every person has the resources available within them to move toward positive directional change.
This brief therapy model helps people discover that they do possess the necessary skills and abilities to overcome their problems. By allowing oneself to open up to new possibilities people learn to focus on solutions to life challenges and to move away from their over-focus on problems.
Emotionally Focused Therapy
EFT is based on attachment theory and focuses on the emotional injury and longing that exists in relationships. Understanding and identification of intense emotions allow healing and forgiveness to occur and open possibilities for greater relationship satisfaction.